The Digital Services Function (DSA) governs the responsibilities of digital services that act as mediators between customers and goods, services, and content. This comprises, for example, internet marketplaces.
To reduce hate crime and speech, the 2008 Framework Decision deemed that it is illegal to encourage and spread any form of hatred based on a person’s race, nationality, ethnicity, and religion.In addition, a Voluntary Code of Conduct was passed in 2016 to counter hate speech online.
European countries could also request a removal of content in other countries so long as they deemed it as a form of “terrorist” content
To control personal data of European citizens, the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) was passed on May 25th, 2018
On April 23, 2022, the European Parliament and Council established a political agreement on the new rules.
Ministerial Regulation #5 (MR5) grants the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology the authority to compel any individual, business entity or community that operates “electronic systems” (ESOs) to restrict or remove any content deemed to be in violation of Indonesia’s laws within 24 hours. The breadth and open-ended nature of the regulation, implemented by the ministry in November 2020, can lead to censorship.
The government drafted a law in February 2021 that would empower authorities to "order internet shutdowns, disrupt or block online services, ban service providers, intercept user accounts, access personal data of users and force the removal of any content on demand." The "cybersecurity law" was drafted after a military coup ousted Aung San Suu Kyi.